The using ICT to enhance gender equality

The whole day training on-The using ICT to enhance gender equality under the theme “To treat and respect women equally” is developed to empower and educate young people to acknowledge the advantage of gender equality and how to promote it through ICT’s tool together for social development on 10 June 2017 at UNwomen conference room. This training has facilitated by Monyvann NHEAN. All 20 participants were provided three-option drawing of the picture with gender role (Pilot, Fire Fighter, and Doctor) for self-orientation during the training. 3 participants drew male pilot, firefighter, and doctor, while 17 participants drew female pilot, firefighter, and doctor. They divided into three groups to identify the term of “Sex and Gender” mean through drawing the female and male picture in each group and they were enabled to present in a big group. They continued to brainstorm with the question “Do you think there is gender inequality in the world?” then they have empowered the term of Global Goal #5 – Gender Equality – “Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls”. #HeforShe Campaign: Get involved in the gender equality issues that matter to you and Gender equality refers to the equal rights, responsibilities, and opportunities of women and men and girls and boys.

Monyvann NHEAN has shared the definition of “Gender vs Sex” and “Gender equality” mean to participants.

A key question was risen on “How can we connect ICT to gender equality”? According to the statistic of Asia Foundation, 2016:

  • 96% of Cambodians claiming to their own phone
  • 48% of Cambodians were found to have at least one smartphone and can access the internet (Facebook)
  • 60% by using the internet is aged between 15 to 26 years old.
  • The three most important reasons:
    • For entertainment purposes (74%)
    • To access news (33%)
    • To access the information (30%)

With that information, participants have embarked the opportunity and enabled to think “how to create some activity which can positively impact to society?”

Ms. Sopheak Hoeun, Social Media Manager at BBC Media Action, M.A. in Mass Media & Political Communication was invited to promote the social media literacy for 1 hours session sharing. She emphasized with what is different between Morals vs Ethics.

Ms. Sopheak Hoeun has shared about the social literacy

  • Morals refer to an individual’s code of behavior base on religious or philosophical principle, Morals define right and wrong in a way that may or may not be rational.
  • Ethics refers to a relational way of deciding what is good for individual or society. A way to choose between competing for moral principle and when there is not a clear right or wrong answer.

Ms. Sotheavy At is the Innovation Lab Manager and Lead Trainer at Development Innovations. She was invited to share the fundamental video capturing through the smartphone. To capture the better video, participants have to have the smartphone or cameras, tripod, microphone. Moreover, they should prepare the plan of video including the purpose of the video, who are their audiences, the concrete message, and the consensus form. She demonstrated the application that available for smartphone both Android and ISO software. And the way to edit the video through the smartphone to participants.

Ms. Sotheavy At has shared about the foundation of video capture and using app smartphone to capture and edit the video.

Participants were divided into 6 groups to work together on how to capture the video in one minute during lunch break then return to present their video for the big group at afternoon.

Before the session end, they informed to the follow-up meeting and the award for top3 on July 1, 2017. Participants were provided the message’s idea to take the video:

  • #Gender Equality #WomenICT #YWLN #VideoSmartphoneTraining
  • Key message:
    • Never shame in being the feminist
    • What is sexism?
    • What is happening when Women participate in economic?
    • How be the idol for the behavior change to the next generation?
    • To treat and respect women equally
    • To speak up for your sister’s right
    • Keep calm and self-motivation to continue to study.
    • How to use ICT for gender equality?

9 female participants attended this follow the meeting.  Top 3 has been selected by 3 juries. Their videos have been promoted through the Facebook page and also Youtube’s channel of YWLN.

Top 3’s Name and position

  • #1: Ms. Pol Maneth, Project Officer, and Facilitator at SHEInvestments

 

 

 

 

  • #2: Ms. Say Lalis, is year 3 student of department Media and communication/RUPP.

 

 

 

  • #3: Mr. Soy Dararoth MCR Operator at CNC TV Channel

 

 

9 female participants have been continued to educate about Gender Equality and learn how to think out of the box which is social norm and gender.  The design the mind-map for taking the video has been an orientation on 1st July 2017, one-morning session at UNwomen conference room.

They have been encouraged to continue to produce the video and feel proud with their works.

Expression from participants:

  • ” We can use the smartphone in multiple functions besides, selfie our photo then upload into Facebook account, right now we can you use it for sharing and contribute our ideas into public audiences”. They can use it for promoted gender equality and gender development in Cambodia. Two more female participants said that it was the first time for them to participate and they can understand not only gender equality mean but also use the smartphone to take video. Then understanding how to combine into the video.
  • I can understand clearly about the term “Sex and Gender” and the relation of Gender equality. Moreover, I can learn how to capture the video which I have never experience before. I wish this training could continue to organize.
  • The men should be invited to join this training, especially they should be empowered about the term “Gender Equality” mean.

 

 

*** The last video has been edited by smartphone through using the mobile app.

The local news has been public our small scale activities: http://www.khmertimeskh.com/5075771/small-device-can-make-huge-difference-womens-lives/

 

The Feminist Message Challenge

The message challenge campaign was started from 14 Feb to 8 March 2017. The YWLN’s team has produced the video with the message of young men with the purpose to empower and raising awareness society. We have used social media as the main to disseminate these messages.

Here are over video:

 

https://www.facebook.com/pg/newwaveskh/videos/?ref=page_internal

https://www.facebook.com/pg/newwaveskh/videos/?ref=page_internal

https://www.facebook.com/pg/newwaveskh/videos/?ref=page_internal

https://www.facebook.com/pg/newwaveskh/videos/?ref=page_internal

Listen to the Photo’s voice “ស្តាប់​សម្លេង​នៃ​រូបថត”

The Young Women Leadership Network (YWLN) organized two hour event on the evening of September 23rd to showcase the 10 winning photographs from our photo Contest, known as “Photo’s Voice.” YWLN has three main activities this year, including the “Photo‘s Voice” contest along with a forum theatre and a small grant project. FRIDA, Young Feminist Fund, is YWLN financial support making our three projects in 2016 possible.

Objective of Photo’s Voice: 

  • To reflect on the important work of women’s participation to make an improvement in the economic, health and environmental sectors in society.
  •  To create the opportunities for youth, especially young women to show the importance of women participating in economic, health and environmental sectors in Cambodia.

The photo’s voice started to announce since 24 July 2016 to 13 August 2016 through our facebook page. 50 candidates are age from 15 to 25 years old which enabled to register and join this competition. However there were only 21 candidates who sent their photos with description to join this competition. Finally, merely top-ten photo of candidates were selected to display at Bophana Center.

3-profession photographers (one female and two males) were invited to be our juries. Their background are the professional photographer and photography teaching at a media university, a former of professional photography teaching and a communication officer at an organization.The process of evaluation in each photo was prepared through giving the code to replac the candidate’s name before sending to juries. All evaluation and coring from Juries were combined for finding the first, second and third winner.

This photo exhibit, made possible through collaboration with Bophana Center and SPK, enables each photographer to speak out with their photography and each photo’s description to respond to the current social situations in Cambodia. The event – “Photo contest’s exhibition of Photo’s Voice” – begins Friday evening on 23rd September 2016 from 6:30 to 8:00 pm and there were over 40 participants attended this event.

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In launching event, Ms.Kazumi, a Bophana-communication officer gave her first impression on this event that the photo’s voice exhibition is the part of audio heritage of Cambodia for today and tomorrow.

 

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Ms. Nhean Monyvann, a representative  YWLN presented about her expression in this photo’s voice that YWLN is diversity background and this is her volunteer work beside her main job. She and team lead activity because they want to enable the opportunity to Cambodian youth to support and work for women and society.

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Mr. Sovan Pilong, a former-professional teacher of photography at French Institute and one of our juries presented and spent his precious time to support this activity since it started until at the end, expressed in the launching event that according to judgement experience he can spend 15 mn to evaluation and score on each photo. However, every single photo was judge by heart and empathy.

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Award #1: Ms. SO TITHYA, 22 years old said that she tried to send her photo to many competition programs, yet she was failed and she has never gave up her dream. In this events she expressed that there are more male doctors and nurse than female doctors and nurse in health sector, so her voice in her photo is to”…present about the potential women and the essential role of youth in health sector to support the society and community…”.

 

top-7

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សូមទាញយកអត្ថបទរបស់សម្លេងនៃរូបថតទាំង១០ ជាភាសារខ្មែរ៖ booklet_kh_22092916

Please download the photo’s voice of top-ten description in English:booklet_en_22092916

សម្លេង​នៃ​រូបភាព​

បណ្តាញស្រ្តីអ្នកដឹកនាំវ័យក្មេង

បណ្តាញស្ត្រីអ្នកដឹកនាំវ័យក្មេង (Young Women Leadership’s Network-YWLN)ចងក្រង ដោយអង្គការ UNWOMEN ប្រចាំកម្ពុជានៅក្នុងឆ្នាំ២០១១។ បណ្តាញស្ត្រីអ្នកដឹកនាំវ័យក្មេង (YWLN) ជាបណ្តាញស្ម័គ្រចិត្តឯករាជ្យមួយ ដែលបានអនុវត្តសកម្មភាពដើម្បីស្រ្តី និងសង្គមចាប់តាំងពីឆ្នាំ២០១៣ ហើយនេះជាការងារស្ម័គ្រចិត្តមួយដែលក្រុមស្រ្តីវ័យក្មេងធ្វើនៅពេលទំនេរពីម៉ោងសិក្សា និងការងារស្នូលរបស់ពួកគាត់។

ការប្រកួតរូបថតក្រោមប្រធានបទ «សម្លេងនៃរូបថត» គឺជាសកម្មភាពមួយក្នុងចំណោមសកម្មភាពចម្បងទាំងបីមានដូចជាសម្លេងនៃរូបថត វេទិការសម្តែង និងមូលនិធិខ្នាតតូចរបស់បណ្តាញស្រ្តីអ្នកដឹកនាំវ័យក្មេងដែលកំពុងអនុវត្តនៅក្នុងឆ្នាំ២០១៦នេះ   ហើយក៏ជាឆ្នាំទី២ដែលបណ្តាញស្រ្តីអ្នកដឹកនាំវ័យក្មេង បានទទួលការឧបត្ថម្ភថវិកាពីអង្គការ FRIDA –Young Feminist Fund។

គោលបំណង៖

  • ឆ្លុះបញ្ចាំងអំពីផលប្រយោជន៍នៃការចូលរួមរបស់ស្រ្តីដើម្បីធ្វើឱ្យមានភាពប្រសើរឡើងក្នុងវិស័យសេដ្ឋកិច្ច សុខភាព និងបរិស្ថាន។
  • បង្កើតឱកាសដល់យុវជន ជាពិសេសស្ត្រីវ័យក្មេង ចូលរួមបង្ហាញអំពីសារសំខាន់របស់ស្រ្តីក្នុងការចូលរួមក្នុងវិស័យសេដ្ឋកិច្ច សុខភាព និងបរិស្ថាន នៅក្នុងប្រទេសកម្ពុជា ។

លក្ខខណ្ឌនៃការចូលរួម៖

  • យុវជនមានអាយុចាប់ពី១៥ ដល់ ២៥ ឆ្នាំ
  • រូបថតឆ្លុះបញ្ចាំងអំពីសកម្មភាពរបស់ស្ត្រីដែលទាក់ទងនឹងសេដ្ឋកិច្ច សុខភាព និងបរិស្ថាន
  • រូបថតមានទំហំ៥Mb ជារូបភាពដើមដែលថតចេញពីទូរស័ព្ទដៃ និងកាមេរ៉ាគ្រប់ប្រភេទ
  • សូមផ្ញើរូបថតរបស់អ្នកដោយភ្ជាប់មកជាមួយនូវការពន្យល់ខ្លឹមសារនៃរូបរបស់អ្នក ប្រហែលមួយទំព័រ ឬកន្លះទំព័រ

អ្នកឈ្នះរង្វាន់នឹងទទួលបាន៖

  • រង្វាន់លេខ១៖ ទទួលបានទឹកប្រាក់ ៨០០,០០០រៀល
  • រង្វាន់លេខ២៖ ទទួលបានទឹកប្រាក់ ៦០០,០០០រៀល
  • រង្វាន់លេខ៣៖ ទទួលបានទឹកប្រាក់ ៤០០,០០០រៀល

ការប្រកួតនេះនឹងចាប់ផ្តើទទួលរូបថតចាប់ពីថ្ងៃទី ២៤ ខែកក្កដា ដល់ថ្ងៃទី១៣ សីហា ឆ្នាំ២០១៦។

poster campaign 3

Young Women Leadership Network

Young Women Leadership Network (YWLN) formed by UNWOMEN since 2011. YWLN is a volunteer group of young women who contributes their spare times after studying or core work.
This photo contest is known as “Photo’s voice” which is the one of the main activities of three main activities, such as the photo‘s voice contest, forum theatre and small grant project. YWLN are being implemented in 2016, and it is the second year that YWLN received this financial s and support from FRIDA, Young Feminist Fund.

Objective:
• To reflect on the important work of women’s participation to make an improvement in the economic, health and environment.
• To create the opportunities for youth, especially young women to show the importance of women participating in economic, health and environment in Cambodia.

Conditions of participation:
• Young people aged  from 15 to 25 years
• Photos reflecting women’s activities related to economic, environment and health
• Photo size must be 5MB original image can be captured by phones and all kinds of camera
• Please send your photo with a summary of your picture up to a page or a half a page

Winners will receive:
1st prize: 800,000 Riel
2nd prize: 600,000 Riel
3rd prize: 400,000 Riel
This contest will begin receiving photos from 24 July to 13 August 2016.

Phnom Penh Post in Khmer Language: http://www.postkhmer.com/photo’svoice

សូមទាញយកទម្រង់នៃការពិព័ណ៌នានៅទីនេះ៖ Photos-voice-form

Small grant phase II

Small grant phase II is an activity among of 3-main activities of Young Women’s Leadership Network (YWLN) that we are implementing in 2016 which funded from FRIDA. The purpose of organizing the small grant, we want to be a part of treasure in our society by encourage youth, especially young women can be main potential in leading the project. And we want to create the opportunity for the young generation by improving their soft skill through the real practical works.

4 issues were raised about Women’s Right, Political, Economic and Environment and agreed to set up as the topics and criteria of small grants, therefore the group of grantees who are interested and have their own initiative ideas to develop their community are invited to apply. They just send their application form via write the small proposal in Khmer language to us. The 5 grantees who were been successful selecting by YWLN’s team, then they will be provided 600,000 Riel (US$ 150) that each group will start implementing in February 2016. The process of selecting base on voting to the fresh idea for community development, commitment, have at least 5 members in group and willing participation to the final meeting and deeply detail presentation on their project.

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We started announcing our small grant phase II via design the poster in Khmer language and upload into our main page facebook since December 11, 2015 until January 29, 2016. There were 11 groups from diversity who were interested and submitted their proposal to our main contact. Each group are students from university and LBT network.

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ការលើកកំពស់សេដ្ឋកិច្ច​ និង​បរិស្ថាន (Representative of Improving of the economic and environment presented their activities at the final meeting on 4th Feb 2016 at Rambo Juice)

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វេទិការសម្លេងក្មេងស្រីដើម្បីការផ្លាស់ប្តូរ (A representative of Girls ‘voice forum for changing was invited to present their activities on 4th Feb 2016 at Rambo Juice)

The winner groups list below:

Name​ of groups Summary activities
អនាម័យដើម្បីសុខភាព

(Hygiene & Sanitation for health)

The group will implement their project at Chhung Ek community about Hygiene & Sanitation which focus on educate and raising awareness to little kids who had been living for many years in the rubbish dumps with their poorest family.
វេទិការសម្លេងក្មេងស្រីដើម្បីការផ្លាស់ប្តូរ

(Girls ‘voice forum for changing)

The Group will focus on children’s right through empowering the parents, commune counselors and teachers at Takeo Province.

Moreover, they want to see the community can encourage and give opportunity to young students on the right of expression, can make their own decision and be confident to work for community development especially on gender equality.

ស្រ្តីកម្ពុជា និងជម្រើស

(Cambodian women and choise)

The mentoring program will be organized and educated to young girls who will continue to choose the subject for Higher education in University.

They want to empower young women can make their own decision to choose subject that they are going to continue to study in their future.  The small grant will implement at Kandal province.

កីឡាបាល់ទាត់ស្រ្តីស្រលាញ់ស្រ្តី

អនាគតយុវជនកម្ពុជាអាស៊ាន (CamASEAN)

(CamASEAN-LBT football-Kampong Chhnang)

Because women are not treat well in society, specially related with the sport sector, a group of young women are trying to promoting and encourage other young women to participation and be the female footballer (female soccer).

They are interested to request the small grants for buying the equipment and material within the main objective to be a play role of young women and LBT to present to society that women can play the sport. Moreover, they want to announce to society that women and LBT have equal right in playing the sport.

The football match for end all form of discrimination LBT and women which will be held at Kampong Chhnang province.

 ការលើកកំពស់សេដ្ឋកិច្ច​ និង​បរិស្ថាន

(Improving of the economic and environment)

Benefit of group is working for community through creating opportunity work and family income. Organic vegetable planning, small business, recycling product will be promoted to 2 slum communities who live at sewage canal community and rail way community.

They strongly believe that base on their sustainable environment and economic idea will bring family economic is getting better in the future.

This is a long vision in the future via carrying the community live in hygiene and sanitation and can earn money via recycling product and organic vegetable.

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Group photo at the final of presentation on 4th Feb 2016 at Rambo Juice

Our members were interviewed via Radio Free Asia: http://www.rfa.org/khmer/program/women/importance-of-small-grant-for-young-woman-leaders-01222016031800.html

 

 

 

“Meditation for everyone”

About 16 Days campaign:

The 16 Days campaign are the Activist’s day which is working for elimination all form of violence against women. This is a global campaign to make a declaration in public for women’s rights since in 1991. It runs annually from 25th November and continues until 10th December that is International Human Right day. The campaign aims to promote gender equality, especially for women’s participation in all sectors, within families and nationally and globally. 16 days campaign is the International Day for End Violence against Women and girls (EWAW), to raise awareness to public audiences, and to understand that any form of violence against women and girls are a human right abuse.

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Violence against women is a main issue in Cambodia, and many sectors including Government have ordered for it to be urgently solved in Cambodia, it was divided in four parts: physical, mental, sexual and economic violence. Violence against women is widespread. According to the MOWA survey in 2009, despite the law enforcement adopted and approved since 2005, 22.5% of married women experienced violence at home, and up to 89% did not report it. Women continue to face obstacles to accessing justice.

Culture norm, social stereotype and code of conduct that is called “Chbab Srey”, which is used to describe how a woman is expected to behave. This expectation comes from an old ideology formed by a group of men, which blocked women’s voices and their participation in the public life. Furthermore, Patriarchy concept divided gender, men are recognized as precious gold and women as white fabric, when the gold drops into mud it was still bright but for the white fabric was stain forever. Domestic violence is generally provoked by men due to their mindset, being illiterate, lack of information, poor, angry and drunk. Moreover, social norm taught from generation to generation has been to ignore other families affair. Therefore when domestic violence happened in their community, there were lack of intervention from the neighborhood, community leader or local authority, because of their wrong perception. A domestic violence case which happened in Kampong Cham province in early December 2015, killed 4 family members, wife, mother in law and two little girls. But the murderer decided to commit suicide. The domestic crime left only the father in law alive, who was left seriously injured. The the local news didn’t mention the root cause of violence in deep detail.

Buddhism and mediation:

Meditation is recognized worldwide which is well-known as the tool for patient mind. The benefits of it are huge. Many successful people practice it by the primary focus on breathing in and out and throughout deep concentration of the mind. The goal of meditation is maintaining mind, keep calm, not using violence, accepting, stress management and empathy. According to the Meditation website, ‘‘Meditation has been around for thousands of years. Evidence of the practice can be found throughout history in many different religions and many different places in the world”[1]

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Meditation

Buddhism is head of Cambodia state, Wikipedia is currently estimated 95% of Cambodia population are be the faith of Buddhism[2]. The religion has entered to Sovannaphum land ‘gold of the land’  since at least the 5th century, and in its earlier form was a type of Mahāyāna Buddhism and Theravada Buddhism which has been the Cambodian state religion since the 13th century (with the exception of the Khmer Rouge period). Buddhism advises to all people irrespective of race, nationality, caste, sexuality, or gender. Through meditation is part of Buddhism which is called “Samatic/Vipasana” in Khmer word. It enable people to realize and use its teachings in order to transform their understanding into the real lives. Non violence, forgiveness, honesty, refrain from insulting and hurting others, kindness, and wisdom are the path which ultimately culminates in Enlightenment.

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Young Women Leaders’ Network (YWLN) wants to see women involved in social development and advocacy in order to have positive change and positive social development. According to Cambodia, as people of Buddhism faith, we believe that only religion and meditation can shape people’s mind by keeping calm and bringing out the peace for family and social via raising awareness through event gathering and social media. Funding supported by FRIDA.

To celebrate the 16 days campaign, we will organize a meditation class, which we welcome 15 participants to join meditation. Additionally, we will record video and sharing through social media.

Objective: Young people understand benefit of mediation and continue to spread out the concept of meditation and practice to end all form of violence against women.

Event detail:

Date: 19th December 2015
Time: 5:00 to 6:30 PM
Venue: #6B street 402, Sangkat Toul Svay prey I, Khan Chamkormon, Phnom Penh

Conclusion:

Through mediation gathering and sharing we believe that successful Buddhist and meditators can guide a person to be calm, non-violence using, be respectful, use forgiveness, honesty and empathy. The same as Human right concepts, these concepts are going to shape people’s mind and emotions to find the right path. Specifically, meditation is part of leadership concept which will bring wisdom and harmony to society.

[1] http://iml.jou.ufl.edu

[2] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buddhism_in_Cambodia